Exploring the MBTI and Myers Briggs Personality Types and applications | Personality Pathways

Myers Briggs Test * What is your Myers-Briggs Personality Type?
What's My Personality Type

So what do those 4 letter cryptic MBTI code mean?

Our free online Personality Test based on the Myers Briggs Personality Indicator (Cognitive Style Inventory) is designed to assist in verifying your Myers Briggs personality type score.


Introduction to the Cognitive Style Inventory

This modest self-scoring inventory is Not a substitute for taking an in-person MBTI ® from an experienced MBTI administrator. It is a tool I developed to introduce my clients to personality type or psychological type and to help validate the results I received from administering the MBTI ® personality assessment. I hope it whets your appetite for learning more about the Myers and Briggs model of personality development and its message of increased self-understanding and understanding of others and our "differing gifts."

The Style Inventory will allow you to approximate what are your MBTI Type preferences. After determining your 4 MBTI Type letters, you can jump to a number of links we have provided to help you get acquainted with the characteristics and indicators of the 16 types and verify if your type, as determined by this "unscientific" survey, seems to "fit" or not.

-- Ross Reinhold

© As the Cognitive Style Inventory is intended to be used on the Internet, linking to this page is permitted. However copying or reproducing this inventory, in whole or part, is prohibited without the express permission of the author.
Ross Reinhold - ross@personalitypathways.com

Cognitive Style Inventory©
Developed in 1999, most recent revision 11/22/14 - Ross Reinhold

Determining one's natural Myers Briggs Personality Type is frequently complicated by our life-long learning experiences. The classic question is: " Am I this way because I learned it or is this just the way I am?"

In reviewing the comparisons in our personality assessment, you may find yourself drawn equally to opposing personality preference choices. In such cases I suggest you try to think back to how you were before the age of 14 or even younger if you can recall. The rationale for this suggestion is the fact that by the time we are 3 years old, the core of our cognitive organization is well-fixed. . . although the brain continues to allow some plasticity into puberty and in some cases throughout life.

After the onset of puberty, our adult learning begins to overlay our core personality - which is when the blending of nature and nurture becomes more evident. For some people, this "learning" serves to strengthen what is already there, but with others it produces multiple faces to personality. Discovering or rediscovering this innate core of yourself is part of the journey of using personality types to enrich your life.

Each of the four questions of the CSI inventory has two parts. The first part is a general description of the preference choices. The second part is a list of paired statements. Use both parts to form your opinion on your more dominant preference.

Q1. Which is your most natural source of Mental Energy ?

Every person has two faces. One is directed towards the OUTER world of activities, excitements, people, and things. The other is directed inward to the INNER world of thoughts, interests, ideas, and imagination.

While these are two different but complementary sides of our nature, most people have an innate preference towards energy from either the OUTER or the INNER world. Thus one of their faces, either the Extraverted (E) or Introverted (I), takes the lead in their personality development and plays a more dominant role in their behavior.

 Extraverted Characteristics

  • Act first, think/reflect later

  • Feel deprived when cutoff from interaction with the outside world

  • Usually open to and motivated by outside world of people and things

  • Enjoy wide variety and change in people relationships

Introverted Characteristics

  • Think/reflect first, then Act

  • Regularly require an amount of "private time" to recharge batteries

  • Motivated internally, mind is sometimes so active it is "closed" to outside world

  • Prefer one-to-one communication and relationships

  Choose which best fits: Extraversion (E) Introversion (I)

Q2. Which way of Perceiving or Understanding is most "automatic" or natural?

The Sensing (S) side of our mind notices the sights, sounds, smells and all the sensory details of the PRESENT. It categorizes, organizes, records and stores the specifics from the here and now. It is REALITY based, dealing with "what is." It also provides the specific details of memory & recollections from PAST events.

The Intuitive (N) side of our mind seeks to understand, interpret and form OVERALL patterns of all the information that is collected and records these patterns and relationships. It speculates on POSSIBILITIES, including looking into and forecasting the FUTURE. It is imaginative and conceptual.

While both kinds of perceiving are necessary and used by all people, each of us instinctively tends to favor one over the other.

 Sensing Characteristics

  • Mentally live in the Now, attending to present opportunities

  • Using common sense and creating practical solutions is automatic-instinctual

  • Memory recall is rich in detail of facts and past events

  • Best improvise from past experience

  • Like clear and concrete information; dislike guessing when facts are "fuzzy"

Intuitive Characteristics

  • Mentally live in the Future, attending to future possibilities

  • Using imagination and creating/inventing new possibilities is automatic-instinctual

  • Memory recall emphasizes patterns, contexts, and connections

  • Best improvise from theoretical understanding

  • Comfortable with ambiguous, fuzzy data and with guessing its meaning.

  Choose which best fits: Sensing (S) iNtuition (N)

Q3. Which way of forming Judgments and Making Choices is most natural?

The Thinking (T) side of our mind analyzes information in a DETACHED, objective fashion. It operates from factual principles, deduces and forms conclusions systematically. It is our logical nature.

The Feeling (F) side of our mind forms conclusions in an ATTACHED and somewhat global manner, based on likes/dislikes, impact on others, and human and aesthetic values. It is our subjective nature.

While everyone uses both means of forming conclusions, each person has a natural bias towards one over the other so that when they give us conflicting directions - one side is the natural trump card or tiebreaker.

 Thinking Characteristics

  • Instinctively search for facts and logic in a decision situation.

  • Naturally notices tasks and work to be accomplished.

  • Easily able to provide an objective and critical analysis.

  • Accept conflict as a natural, normal part of relationships with people.

Feeling Characteristics

  • Instinctively employ personal feelings and impact on people in decision situations

  • Naturally sensitive to people needs and reactions.

  • Naturally seek consensus and popular opinions.

  • Unsettled by conflict; have almost a toxic reaction to disharmony.

  Choose which best fits: Thinking (T) Feeling (F)

Q4. What is your "Action Orientation" towards the outside world?

All people use both judging (thinking and feeling) and perceiving (sensing and intuition) processes to store information, organize our thoughts, make decisions, take actions and manage our lives. Yet one of these processes (Judging or Perceiving) tends to take the lead in our relationship with the outside world . . . while the other governs our inner world.

A Judging (J) style approaches the outside world WITH A PLAN and is oriented towards organizing one's surroundings, being prepared, making decisions and reaching closure and completion.

A Perceiving (P) style takes the outside world AS IT COMES and is adopting and adapting, flexible, open-ended and receptive to new opportunities and changing game plans.

 Judging Characteristics

  • Plan many of the details in advance before moving into action.

  • Focus on task-related action; complete meaningful segments before moving on.

  • Work best and avoid stress when able to keep ahead of deadlines.

  • Naturally use targets, dates and standard routines to manage life.

Perceiving Characteristics

  • Comfortable moving into action without a plan; plan on-the-go.

  • Like to multitask, have variety, mix work and play.

  • Naturally tolerant of time pressure; work best close to the deadlines.

  • Instinctively avoid commitments which interfere with flexibility, freedom and variety

  Choose which best fits: Judging (J) Perceiving (P)

Your 4 Myers Briggs Personality Type Letters


Ok Great, now you know your 4 Myers Briggs
or MBTI ® letters.
What's Next?

help with personality type

- What is your "Super Power" - Which Mental Process is at the center of your mental being?

- See our Step-by Step Guide to Interpreting & Using
your MBTI or Myers Briggs Personality Type Score

- See Personality Profiles of the 16 Types

- Hidden Letters of Personality Type.

- Learning about the Dynamics of Myers Briggs Personality Types.

- Practical Business and Organizational Applications of Myers-Briggs & the MBTI.

- - Job Search, Career Planning & the MBTI.

- - Learn More about the Background of the Myers Briggs MBTI ® Personality Assessment

Personality Type Journal: Articles on Application to Modern Life

Cathy Newman & Jordan Peterson: ESTJ, Feeling, and Cognitive Dissonance.

A few more Resources to learn more about
Myers Briggs, the MBTI & Personality Types

Recommended Articles on the Myers Briggs & MBTI ® for Educators & Students

MyersBriggs.org . . . The official website of the Myers & Briggs Foundation

CAPT - Center For Applications of Psychological Type . . . The Education and Research Foundation established by Isabel Myers and Mary McCaulley.

Experts Respond to: Why the Myers Briggs test is totally meaningless.

Life Keys: Discover Who You Are
LifeKeys: Discover Who You Are

Sandra Hirsch and Jane Kise have developed an introduction to MBTI ®Personality Types that is integrated with a spiritual message and applications especially relevant to the Christian and faith-based Communities. [More Info Here on ordering this and other books on Personality Type]

* While sometimes referred to as the MBTI Personality Test, Myers-Briggs Personality Test, the Briggs Myers personality test, Myers Briggs Test or the MBTI test, the MBTI ® is not a personality test but a personality inventory or instrument in which there are no right or wrong answers.

Go Here for Workshops, Conferences & Other Resources for Coaches, Counselors and Organizational Development Practitioners interested in the MBTI, Myers-Briggs Applications, and psychological type.

Go Here for a directory of Coaches, Counselors and Organizational Development Practitioners certified to use the MBTI, Myers-Briggs Applications, and psychological type.

® MBTI, Myers-Briggs, Meyers Briggs, and Myers-Briggs Type Indicator are registered trademarks or trademarks of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Trust in the United States and other countries (aka meyer briggs or myers briggs).

The Cognitive Style Inventory is NOT the (MBTI) Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. The exclusive publisher of the MBTI is CPP, Inc., a publishing conglomerate who authorizes and certifies professionals in the use of this instrument. The MBTI is not a Personality Test; it is an assessment instrument. Information on its use can be obtained at the website of the Myers & Briggs Foundation. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Myers Briggs, MBTI, the MBTI logo, Step I, Step II and Step III are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc.


Myers Briggs MBTI Personality Types

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Susan Cain Book on Introversion
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Quiet Power: The Secret Strengths of Introverts

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