Exploring the MBTI and Myers Briggs Personality Types and applications | Personality Pathways

Myers Briggs Test * What is your Myers-Briggs Personality Type?
Exploring Myers-Briggs Personality Type

So what do all those cryptic MBTI code letters mean?

Before taking our informal online - free - Myers Briggs Personality Test ("click here" to take our Cognitive Style Inventory) to assist in verifying your Myers Briggs personality type score . . . know that the best way to understand your personality or psychological type is to take an official MBTI ® ( Myers Briggs Type Indicator ) instrument from a professional who has met the standards necessary to be "qualified" to administer the "test." An excellent resource for "qualified" persons is the Association for Psychological Type. Through their web site at www.aptinternational.org you can learn about APT chapters and members in your area.



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Background of the MBTI ® Personality Assessment
Over the sixty five plus years since its inception in 1943, the MBTI or Myers-Briggs Type Indicator ® has evolved and been perfected through continual test research and development of ever more accurate questions. Many, many millions of people have taken the test (actually the Indicator is an inventory or psychological instrument rather than a test - as a test suggests right and wrong answers. All answer choices in the MBTI are equally desired). The MBTI research data base is huge. The subtle enhancements to recently released "M" edition of the inventory were the product of a landmark normative study involving thousands of people and over two years of work by a team of experts in the field of psychometrics (psychological testing).

newExperts Respond to Criticism of the MBTI and the "Myers Briggs test "

Since it is considered a breach of professional ethics to administer an MBTI ® without person-to-person follow-up verification by a qualified practitioner, none of the free personality tests purporting to determine your MBTI or Myers Briggs Personality Type on the Web are the "real thing." The Web is replete with "inventories" that purport to measure personality types, psychological type or the 16 Myers Briggs personality types (like the David Keirsey type-temperament indicator)! Besides only being approximations of the "real thing," I am aware of none that have met commonly accepted psychometric standards for reliability and validity. Bottom-line. While every inventory has room for improvement, the genuine MBTI ® is the "gold standard."

Learn about  the MBTI  personality testRecently, the instrument publisher, CPP, Inc. (formerly Consulting Psychologists Press), has developed an online system for administering and interpreting the MBTI ® called "MBTI ® Complete." This new system allows individuals to take the inventory online and get a professional interpretation. It also can be used by Qualified MBTI practitioners who use the online administration process as a supplement to their counseling or coaching practice. One source of practitioners trained and certified to use the MBTI, including official online versions, is the MBTI Master Practitioner Referral Network.

® MBTI, Myers-Briggs, Meyers Briggs, and Myers-Briggs Type Indicator are registered trademarks or trademarks of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Trust in the United States and other countries (aka meyers briggs, briggs myers or myer briggs).

*While sometimes referred to as the MBTI Personality Test, Myers-Briggs Personality Test, the Briggs Myers personality test, Myers Briggs Test or the MBTI test, the MBTI ® is not a personality test but a personality inventory or instrument in which there are no right or wrong answers.

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Introduction to the Cognitive Style Inventory

This modest self-scoring inventory is Not a substitute for taking an in-person MBTI ® from an experienced MBTI administrator. It is a tool I developed to introduce my clients to personality type or psychological type and to help validate the results I received from administering the MBTI ® instrument. I hope it whets your appetite for learning more about the Myers and Briggs model of personality development and its message of increased self-understanding and understanding of others and our "differing gifts."

The Style Inventory will allow you to approximate what are your MBTI Type preferences. After determining your 4 Type letters, you can jump to a number of links we have provided to help you get acquainted with the characteristics and indicators of the 16 types and verify if your type, as determined by this "unscientific" survey, seems to "fit" or not.

-- Ross Reinhold, INTJ

---COPYRIGHT NOTICE
© As the Cognitive Style Inventory is intended to be used on the Internet, linking to this page is permitted. However copying or reproducing this inventory, in whole or part, is prohibited without the express permission of the author.
Ross Reinhold - ross@personalitypathways.com

The Cognitive Style Inventory is NOT the (MBTI) Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. The exclusive publisher of the MBTI is CPP, Inc., a publishing conglomerate who authorizes and certifies professionals in the use of this instrument. The MBTI is not a Personality Test; it is an assessment instrument. Information on its use can be obtained at the website of the Myers & Briggs Foundation. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Myers Briggs, MBTI, the MBTI logo, Step I, Step II and Step III are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc.

Cognitive Style Inventory©
most recent revision 12/12/06 - Ross Reinhold, INTJ
www.PersonalityPathways.com

Determining one's natural Myers Briggs Personality Type is frequently complicated by our life-long learning experiences. The classic question is: " Am I this way because I learned it or is this just the way I am?"

In reviewing the comparisons in our inventory, you may find yourself drawn equally to opposing personality preference choices. In such cases I suggest you try to think back to how you were before the age of 12 or even younger if you can recall. The rationale for this suggestion is the fact that by the time we are 3 years old, the core of our cognitive organization is well-fixed. . . although the brain continues to allow some plasticity until puberty.

After the onset of puberty, our adult learning begins to overlay our core personality - which is when the blending of nature and nurture becomes more evident. For some people, this "learning" serves to strengthen what is already there, but with others it produces multiple faces to personality. Discovering or rediscovering this innate core of yourself is part of the journey of using personality types to enrich your life.

Each of the four questions of the CSI inventory has two parts. The first part is a general description of the preference choices. The second part is a list of paired statements. Use both parts to form your opinion on your more dominant preference.


Q1. Which is your most natural energy orientation?

Every person has two faces. One is directed towards the OUTER world of activities, excitements, people, and things. The other is directed inward to the INNER world of thoughts, interests, ideas, and imagination.

While these are two different but complementary sides of our nature, most people have an innate preference towards energy from either the OUTER or the INNER world. Thus one of their faces, either the Extraverted (E) or Introverted (I), takes the lead in their personality development and plays a more dominant role in their behavior.

 Extraverted Characteristics

  • Act first, think/reflect later

  • Feel deprived when cutoff from interaction with the outside world

  • Usually open to and motivated by outside world of people and things

  • Enjoy wide variety and change in people relationships

Introverted Characteristics

  • Think/reflect first, then Act

  • Regularly require an amount of "private time" to recharge batteries

  • Motivated internally, mind is sometimes so active it is "closed" to outside world

  • Prefer one-to-one communication and relationships

  Choose which best fits: Extraversion (E) Introversion (I)

Q2. Which way of Perceiving or understanding is most "automatic" or natural?

The Sensing (S) side of our brain notices the sights, sounds, smells and all the sensory details of the PRESENT. It categorizes, organizes, records and stores the specifics from the here and now. It is REALITY based, dealing with "what is." It also provides the specific details of memory & recollections from PAST events.

The Intuitive (N) side of our brain seeks to understand, interpret and form OVERALL patterns of all the information that is collected and records these patterns and relationships. It speculates on POSSIBILITIES, including looking into and forecasting the FUTURE. It is imaginative and conceptual.

While both kinds of perceiving are necessary and used by all people, each of us instinctively tends to favor one over the other.

 Sensing Characteristics

  • Mentally live in the Now, attending to present opportunities

  • Using common sense and creating practical solutions is automatic-instinctual

  • Memory recall is rich in detail of facts and past events

  • Best improvise from past experience

  • Like clear and concrete information; dislike guessing when facts are "fuzzy"

Intuitive Characteristics

  • Mentally live in the Future, attending to future possibilities

  • Using imagination and creating/inventing new possibilities is automatic-instinctual

  • Memory recall emphasizes patterns, contexts, and connections

  • Best improvise from theoretical understanding

  • Comfortable with ambiguous, fuzzy data and with guessing its meaning.

  Choose which best fits: Sensing (S) iNtuition (N)

Q3. Which way of forming Judgments and making choices is most natural?

The Thinking (T) side of our brain analyzes information in a DETACHED, objective fashion. It operates from factual principles, deduces and forms conclusions systematically. It is our logical nature.

The Feeling (F) side of our brain forms conclusions in an ATTACHED and somewhat global manner, based on likes/dislikes, impact on others, and human and aesthetic values. It is our subjective nature.

While everyone uses both means of forming conclusions, each person has a natural bias towards one over the other so that when they give us conflicting directions - one side is the natural trump card or tiebreaker.

 Thinking Characteristics

  • Instinctively search for facts and logic in a decision situation.

  • Naturally notices tasks and work to be accomplished.

  • Easily able to provide an objective and critical analysis.

  • Accept conflict as a natural, normal part of relationships with people.

Feeling Characteristics

  • Instinctively employ personal feelings and impact on people in decision situations

  • Naturally sensitive to people needs and reactions.

  • Naturally seek consensus and popular opinions.

  • Unsettled by conflict; have almost a toxic reaction to disharmony.

  Choose which best fits: Thinking (T) Feeling (F)

Q4. What is your "action orientation" towards the outside world?

All people use both judging (thinking and feeling) and perceiving (sensing and intuition) processes to store information, organize our thoughts, make decisions, take actions and manage our lives. Yet one of these processes (Judging or Perceiving) tends to take the lead in our relationship with the outside world . . . while the other governs our inner world.

A Judging (J) style approaches the outside world WITH A PLAN and is oriented towards organizing one's surroundings, being prepared, making decisions and reaching closure and completion.

A Perceiving (P) style takes the outside world AS IT COMES and is adopting and adapting, flexible, open-ended and receptive to new opportunities and changing game plans.

 Judging Characteristics

  • Plan many of the details in advance before moving into action.

  • Focus on task-related action; complete meaningful segments before moving on.

  • Work best and avoid stress when able to keep ahead of deadlines.

  • Naturally use targets, dates and standard routines to manage life.

Perceiving Characteristics

  • Comfortable moving into action without a plan; plan on-the-go.

  • Like to multitask, have variety, mix work and play.

  • Naturally tolerant of time pressure; work best close to the deadlines.

  • Instinctively avoid commitments which interfere with flexibility, freedom and variety

  Choose which best fits: Judging (J) Perceiving (P)


Your 4 Myers Briggs Personality Type Letters

       

Ok Great, now you know your 4 Myers Briggs or MBTI ® letters.
What's Next?

Do you want to verify that the letters and personality type you picked are the best fit for you?
spacerIf so see our Step-by Step Guide to Verifying your MBTI or Myers Briggs Personality Type Score new

Do you want to read some sketches of the 16 types and see if the one that matches your letters seems to fit you?
spacerIf so see the Profiles of the 16 Myers Briggs Personality Types.

Do you want to know what each of these letters mean?
spacerIf so see our brief article About the MBTI and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.

Do you think that Introverts (I) have no Extraverted Nature or Feelers (F) have no Thinking nature?
spacerIf so see read our article on understanding the complete Personality Patterns of All 16 MBTI Personality Types.

Are you interested in a more in-depth inquiry into the nature of Personality Type differences?
spacerIf so see our article on Understanding the 4 mental functions of the MBTI tests Personality Type Code, our article on The Faces of Personality Type Development, and/or our article on the Dynamics of Personality Type.

Want to do further reading on Personality Type and how it can make a difference in your life and relationships?
spacerIf so see our Books and e-books on Myers-Briggs Personality Type and applying it to your career, your relationships, and life success.

Reminder: The most accurate MBTI personality type score will be from an official Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (the MBTI ® assessment) administered by a professional who has met the standards necessary to be "qualified" to use the inventory.

A few more Resources to learn more about
Myers Briggs, the MBTI & Personality Types

Recommended Articles for Educators & Students on the Myers Briggs & MBTI ®

MBTI ® Today . . . by Katherine Myers and Peter Myers (daughter-in-law and son of Isabel Briggs Myers, creator of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator)

MyersBriggs.org . . . The official website of the Myers & Briggs Foundation

Our Recommendations of worthwhile books and kindle e-readers on the MBTI, Myers Briggs, & Personality Type

Experts Respond to: Why the Myers Briggs test is totally meaningless.

Life Keys: Discover Who You AreLifeKeys: Discover Who You Are

Sandra Hirsch and Jane Kise have developed an introduction to MBTI ®Personality Types that is integrated with a spiritual message and applications especially relevant to the Christian and faith-based Communities. [More Info Here]

 

* While sometimes referred to as the MBTI Personality Test, Myers-Briggs Personality Test, the Briggs Myers personality test, Myers Briggs Test or the MBTI test, the MBTI ® is not a personality test but a personality inventory or instrument in which there are no right or wrong answers.

Go Here for Workshops, Conferences & Other Resources for Coaches, Counselors and Organizational Development Practitioners interested in the MBTI, Myers-Briggs Applications, and psychological type.

® MBTI, Myers-Briggs, Meyers Briggs, and Myers-Briggs Type Indicator are registered trademarks or trademarks of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Trust in the United States and other countries (aka meyer briggs or myers briggs).

Myers Briggs MBTI Personality Types 

Return to MBTI & Myers Briggs Personality Types Home Page



© Published by Ross Reinhold & Reinhold Development 1997 - 2014

 

Myers Briggs Articles for Educators & Students.

About the MBTI - an Introduction to MBTI & Myers Briggs Personality Types.

Myers Briggs Test - What is Your Personality Type?

Descriptions of the 16 Types & Verifying MBTI ® Myers Briggs Personality Test.

Similarities and differences of the 16 Myers Briggs Personality Type.

Understanding the 4 Letter MBTI Code of 16 Myers Briggs Personality Types.

Personality Types & Emotional Intelligence.

Job Search, Career Planning & the MBTI.

Bookstore. Our Recommended Books on Personality Types & the MBTI ®.

Master Index of Articles on Personality Type and Carl Jung's model of Psychological Type

* While commonly referred to as the Myers Briggs Test or the MBTI test, the MBTI ® is not a test but a personality assessment in which there are no right or wrong answers.

More Articles on the MBTI and Personality Type

MBTI ®Educational Applications:
Are They Really Problem Students?

By Jane Kise, INFJ
& Beth Russell, ENFJ

Type Dynamics: Interpreting the MBTI ®Personality Type Code
Ross Reinhold, INTJ

Emotional Intelligence & Personality Type
Ross Reinhold, INTJ

About the MBTI ®
By Peter Geyer, INTP

U.S. Presidential Politics & Personality Type
Ross Reinhold, INTJ

Gifts Differing - Myers-Briggs Personality Type

Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type. Isabel Myers

The original book that explains the Myers & Briggs typology and celebrates the diversity of personality type. While other books and booklets are possibly a better intro for the "newbie" to personality types, I look on this book as a required reference on Myers Briggs Personality Types . . . as it was completed near the end of Isabel's life and thus contains the summation of a lifetime exploring personality type differences. [More Info Here]

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Type Talk

Type Talk: The 16 Personality Types That Determine How We Live, Love, and Work. Otto Kroeger

Otto and Janet's classic remains an important introductory and reader-friendly book on personality types. Kroeger is one of the most influential communicators and interpreters of Myers work. [More Info Here]

~ ~ ~

The 16 Personality Types

The 16 Personality Types, Descriptions for Self-Discovery.

I like this booklet by Nardi and Berens. About 50 pages, reasonable price, and an easy read for the person wishing to better understand his or her personality type . . . and the overall concepts surrounding Personality Types. [More Info Here]

 

 


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spacerDo What You Are - Kindle VersionDo What You Are: Discover the Perfect Career for You Through the Secrets of Personality Type

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Type Talk at Work - Kindle Edition

Most Popular
Kindle eBooks on Personality Type

Lenore Thomson Personality Type an Owner's Manual
"Personality Type: An Owner's Manual" by Lenore Thomson

A layman's guide to understanding Personality Types and the theory of Psychological Types originally proposed by C. G. Jung. Lenore Thomson was formerly the former editor of the Jungian Journal Quadrant and a lecturer with the C.G. Jung Foundation in New York City. [More Info Here]

Was that really me?
Was That Really Me?: How Everyday Stress Brings Out Our Hidden Personality

Even though psychologist Naomi Quenk is only a little over 5 feet tall, she is one of the giants in the field of Personality Type! One of her prime fascinations has been with the dynamics of stress and personality type. She is well known for originating a concept called "In the Grip" to describe what happens when different types can be overtaken by an "evil twin." This book is an expansion and updating of her earlier book "Besides Ourselves." [More Info Here]

Do What You Are

Do What You Are : Discover the Perfect Career for You Through the Secrets of Personality Type--Revised and Updated Edition Featuring E-careers for the 21st Century

Very popular and durable career book by Paul and Barbara Barron Tieger. It has been updated for newly emerging careers. Useful for self-study or as an aid to career counseling professionals. [More Info Here]

Gifts Differing: Isabel Myers

Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type
- Kindle eBook -

Go Here for
Kindle eBooks on Personality Type

MBTI Essentials -Using the Myers-Briggs Indicator Assessment
Essentials of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Assessment (Essentials of Psychological Assessment)

Author Psychologist Naomi Quenk is on the Board of the Myers & Briggs Foundation and eminently qualified to offer guidance to mental health practitioners who want to use the MBTI instrument in their professional practices. "This book is designed to help busy mental health practitioners quickly acquire the basic knowledge and skills they need to make optimal use of a major psychological assessment instrument." [More Info Here]

Differentiated School Leadership:
Differentiated School Leadership:
Effective Collaboration, Communication, and Change Through Personality Type

Jane Kise and Beth Russell have produced another winner in their series of books on applying Myers Briggs Personality Types concepts in an educational environment. This one is an ideal resource for principals, lead teachers, school superintendents, board members, and others involved in school leadership concerns. [Learn More Here]

See More books on
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