Exploring the MBTI and Myers Briggs Personality Types and applications | Personality Pathways
invisible

Pete Mockaitis - Certified MBTI Practitioner & Team Building Coach

The MBTI ®, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, & Myers Briggs Personality Type
For Educators and Students

Index to Articles on Personality Type

green triangleIntroductory Articles on the MBTI & Myers Briggs Type

green triangleIntermediate Articles to learn more about Personality Type

green triangleAdvanced Articles on the MBTI, Carl Jung, & Myers

green triangleApplications of Myers-Briggs Personality Type & the MBTI

Educators.

Creating Internet web links to any of the pages on PersonalityPathways.com for course materials is permitted (and encouraged) without asking for my express permission. What would be problematic is copying the material and presenting it on another website (i.e. other than PersonalityPathways.com) or copying and distributing print versions of the material w/o my permission

Let me know how PersonalityPathways.com can better help you provide online resources for your students on the MBTI ® & Myers Briggs Personality Type and its applications.

Ross@PersonalityPathways.com

Step-by-Step Guide to Verifying Your MBTI Personality Type ID

How common are each of the the 16 Personality Types?

green triangle Statistics on the MBTI Personality Type in the US Population.

Introductory Articles on the MBTI & Myers Briggs Personality Type

  • An Introduction to the MBTI & Myers Briggs ® Model of Personality Types
    An introduction to Jung's model of psychological types as adapted by Isabel Myers in the development of the MBTI ® - the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Authored by Ross Reinhold, editor of PersonalityPathways.com and an experienced MBTI administrator and educator.

  • About the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator - MBTI ®
    An introduction to the basic concepts underlying the MBTI and its uses in education, industry, career development, and counseling. Authored by Peter Geyer, an internationally known and respected MBTI educator and authority on Carl Jung's Theory of Psychological Types.

  • Myers Briggs Test * What is Your Myers Briggs Personality Type?
    An online inventory to introduce students to the theory of Personality Types and the concepts behind the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator ®. Educators and MBTI administrators also use this as an informal personality test to verify the applicability of the scoring resulting from an administration of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Authored by Ross Reinhold, an experienced MBTI administrator and educator, and editor of PersonalityPathways.com .

  • An Introduction to the 16 Myers Briggs Personality Types
    Descriptions of the characteristics of the 16 Myers Briggs Personality Types by Danielle Poirier, an internationally respected consultant and educator of applications of Personality Type. Danielle is also the creator and producer of a popular multi-media CD on Personality Type entitled "The Magnificent 16."

  • How Myers Briggs Personality Types are Distributed in the Population
    Two tables at the bottom of this page compare the distribution of MBTI Personality Types in the normal population with the distribution of Types in the leading professional membership organization for people having an interest in Personality Type.

* While commonly referred to as the Myers Briggs Test or the MBTI test, the MBTI ® is not a test but a personality inventory or instrument in which there are no right or wrong answers.

® MBTI, Myers-Briggs, Meyers Briggs, and Myers-Briggs Type Indicator are registered trademarks or trademarks of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Trust in the United States and other countries (aka meyer briggs or myers briggs).

Intermediate Articles on the MBTI & Personality Type

  • Personality Type Dynamics: Interpreting the Personality Type Code
    An explaination of the rationale behind the arrangement of the letters of the four letter MBTI type code, including the concepts of dominant and auxiliary mental functions, the psychological attitudes of extraversion and introversion and the dynamics of interpreting the Myers' J and P type letters.

  • Understanding the Characteristics & Relationships of the 16 Personality Types
    The organization and relationships of the 16 Myers Briggs Personality Types are outlined according to 4 basic Personality Types and 8 secondary type groups. The Jung-Myers concepts of psychological mental functions is explained in more depth and how they relate to Introversion and Extraversion. Definitions are offered which may aid a person, whose MBTI type score is at or near the border between opposite preferences, in identifying which of the 16 Personality Types is their "best fit."

  • The Hidden Letters of the Myers-Briggs MBTI Personality Types
    We know that according to Isabel Myers and the Carl Jung model of Personality Type she expanded upon that "All people possess all of the Myers-Briggs preferences." So an INFP also has within its personality type pattern ESTJ. But how does this play out? Is it the same for each of the 16 types. This article explains how the hidden letters make a difference. The second page of the article, Patterns of Personality Type, presents a graphic image for each of the 16 Myers Briggs Personality Types that illustrate how the hidden letters or hidden mental functions and mental attitudes are arranged.

Advanced Articles on the MBTI, Carl Jung & Personality Type

  • Lenore Thomson on Carl Jung and Personality Type
    Lenore Thomson is author of "Personality Type: An Owner’s Manual" and the former editor of the Jungian Journal Quadrant and a lecturer with the C.G. Jung Foundation in New York City. She is an internationally recognized authority on Jung's Theory of Psychological Type and an experienced psychotherapist.

  • The Building Blocks of Personality Type
    Review of a new book by Leona Haas and Mark Hunziker illustrates how Carl Jung's eight mental processes underlie the familiar Myers-Briggs Personality Types and the four letter personality type code. The book includes detailed examples and a nice set of appendices that will be of value to the serious student of personality type and practitioners who use Personality Type in their practices.

  • The Faces of Personality Type Development
    This article explores the duality inherent in Jung's model of Psychological Type and suggests a pattern of development that each Personality Type will tend to follow as a person matures.

  • Emotional Intelligence, Emotions, Feeling & Personality Type
    Emotional Intelligence and EQ instruments have become popular concepts and applications in education and business. While at first blush, emotional intelligence seems to refer to the Jung-Myers concept of Feeling judgment, it appears the relationship to Personality Type and the Jung-Myers typology is much more complex.

Articles on Applications of the MBTI & Personality Types

  • MBTI ® Educational Applications: Are They Really Problem Students?
    Educators and authors Jane Kise and Beth Russell illustrate how they have used the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator - MBTI - and an understanding of Jungian & Myers Briggs Personality Type to assist teachers with reaching across boundaries to connect with a wider variety of student learning styles.

® MBTI, Myers-Briggs, Meyers Briggs, and Myers-Briggs Type Indicator are registered trademarks or trademarks of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Trust in the United States and other countries (aka meyer briggs or myers briggs).

* While commonly referred to as the Myers Briggs Test or the MBTI test, the MBTI ® is not a test but a personality inventory or instrument in which there are no right or wrong answers.

Type 360 Assessment

The Distribution of MBTI Myers Briggs Personality Types
In General Population
Allen Hammer and Wayne Mitchell
CPP, Inc. Study of normative sample of 1267 adults
Journal of Psychological Type, Volume 37, 1996

TABLE 1.

ISTJ
15.6%

ISFJ
11.5%

INFJ
2.6%

INTJ
3.5%

33.2%

ISTP
6.4%

ISFP
4.5%

INFP
4.3%

INTP
5.2%

20.4%

ESTP
4.8%

ESFP
5.7%

ENFP
6.3%

ENTP
4.7%

21.5%

ESTJ
9.9%

ESFJ
9.6%

ENFJ
2.5%

ENTJ
2.8%

24.8%

36.7%

31.3%

15.7%

16.2%

N=1267

The Distribution of MBTI Myers Briggs Personality Types
among the membership
of the Association for Psychological Type
(2004)
A professional association for practitioners and lay people
with an interest in Myers-Briggs, the MBTI, and associated theories and instruments
derived from the Theory of Psychological Type of Carl Jung.

TABLE 2.

ISTJ
5.5%

ISFJ
3.2%

INFJ
8.6%

INTJ
10.7%

28.0%

ISTP
0.9%

ISFP
1.1%

INFP
11.5%

INTP
6.6%

20.1%

ESTP
0.7%

ESFP
1.2%

ENFP
16.4%

ENTP
7.5%

25.9%

ESTJ
4.5%

ESFJ
3.5%

ENFJ
9.8%

ENTJ
8.2%

26.0%

11.6%

8.9%

46.3%

33.1%

 

In examining table 1 and table 2, you can easily see the kinds of folks who are drawn to learning about Personality Type, to the extent of joining an organization like APT, are a quite different ilk from the general population.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Some specific comparisons:

Among APT members, 51.9% favor Extraversion, slightly more than the general population.

A much more significant difference is the fact that 79% of APT Members favor Intuition over Sensing, whereas in the general population that figure is only 31.9%.

Only 3.9% of APT members favor S & P (encompassing the four xSxP Personality Types) whereas in the general population these four types comprise 21.4%.

In the general population NF types (xNFx) were the smallest grouping at 15.7%, whereas in APT they are the largest - the clear majority by a long shot at 46.3%

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

You find these types of abnormal distributions of Personality Types among a number of professional, occupational, and social groups. Birds of feather tend to flock together and in doing so they create within an organization or group a kind of culture that tends to favor certain Personality Types . . . and conversely make some other Types feel like the odd-duck in the pond. The interaction between the effects of inherent differences in nature (due to one's personality type pattern) and nurture (the social environment) the abnormal distributions of Personality Type (and the various cultural practices that spring from them) get perpetuated within the social, political, or occupational group.

Differentiated School Leadership:Differentiated School Leadership: Effective Collaboration, Communication, and Change Through Personality Type

Jane Kise and Beth Russell have produced another winner in their series of books on applying Personality Type concepts in an educational environment. This one is an ideal resource for principals, lead teachers, school superintendents, board members, and others involved in school leadership concerns. [Learn More Here]

Differentiated Teaching through Personality TypeDifferentiation Through Personality Types: A Framework for Instruction, Assessment, and Classroom Management

A practical guidebook for teachers - ". . . . an absolute goldmine for teachers. Each page delivers a nugget of insight, understanding and guidance . . . ." This is Jane Kise's companion to her earlier manual directed at those who coach & teach the teachers. This one is for the teaching practitioner: ". . . Every teacher—beginning, experienced, urban, suburban, rural, and private—will find examples and ideas that they can use immediately.""[More Info Here]


  See More Books & Book Reviews Here
on the MBTI, Myers Briggs & Personality Types

- Information on MBTI ® Certification -

 

spacer


LifeKeys Leadership Guide

LifeKeys Leadership Resource Notebook: Discovering Who You Are, Why You're Here, and What You Do Best

Workshop leader's guide for the LifeKeys Discovery series, the popular Guide for Christian and Faith-based Study Groups.

 
Search Personality Pathways


redSee our Directory
of MBTI trained Speakers, Teambuilding Facilitators, and Development Coaches

Need an engaging speaker for a college audience who is MBTI ® Certified? See Pete Mockaitis on our consultant's page
 

Bookstore. Our Recommended Books on Personality Types & the MBTI ®







Gifts Differing: Isabel Myers

Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type
- Kindle eBook -

Go Here for
Kindle eBooks on Personality Type



Gifts Differing - Myers-Briggs Personality Type
Gifts Differing: Understanding Personality Type. Isabel Myers

The original book that explains the Myers & Briggs typology and celebrates the diversity of personality type. While other books and booklets are possibly a better intro for the "type newbie," I look on this book as a required reference on Personality Type . . . as it was completed near the end of Isabel's life and thus contains the summation of a lifetime exploring personality type differences. [More Info Here]

~ ~ ~

The 16 Personality Types
The 16 Personality Types, Descriptions for Self-Discovery.

I like this booklet by Nardi and Berens. About 50 pages, reasonable price, and an easy read for the person wishing to better understand his or her personality type . . . and the overall concepts surrounding Personality Type. [More Info Here]

~ ~ ~


You: Being More Effective in Your MBTI Type

Roger Pearman, Robert Eichinger, and Michael Lombardo are authors of this book on self-development using knowledge of the MBTI to build skills and improve relationships in both work and non-work roles. One reviewer noted its focus on ". . . team work with co-workers, developing effective communication skills with a work purpose in mind, and becoming a better workplace leader and team player, handling meetings with superiors and subordinates, conflict, goal setting, fitting in, etc." [More Info Here]

~ ~ ~

Roger Pearman The real meaning of the 16 personality types
"I'm Not Crazy, I'm Just Not You: The Real Meaning of the Sixteen Personality Types
" By Roger Pearman

While not strictly an introductory book, it is an easy read for the lay person with an interest in learning about Personality Types and applying it to every day situations at home or work. Roger Pearman is one of the giants in the field of teaching practical applications of the MBTI & Myer's Personality Type. [More Info Here]

~ ~ ~

Do What You Are
Do What You Are : Discover the Perfect Career for You Through the Secrets of Personality Type--Revised and Updated Edition Featuring E-careers for the 21st Century

Very popular and durable career book by Paul and Barbara Barron Tieger. It has been updated for newly emerging careers. Useful for self-study or as an aid to career counseling professionals. [More Info Here]

~ ~ ~

Was that really me?
Was That Really Me?: How Everyday Stress Brings Out Our Hidden Personality

Even though psychologist Naomi Quenk is only a little over 5 feet tall, she is one of the giants in the field of Personality Type! One of her prime fascinations has been with the dynamics of stress and personality type. She is well known for originating a concept called "In the Grip" to describe what happens when different types can be overtaken by an "evil twin." This book is an expansion and updating of her earlier book "Besides Ourselves." [More Info Here]

~ ~ ~

See More books on
Personality Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

© Published by Ross Reinhold & Reinhold Development 1997 - 2011

Reinhold Development - Marketing & Internet Development for Small Business