Exploring the MBTI and Myers Briggs Personality Types and applications | Personality Pathways

vvvPersonality Trait Correlates of the MBTI Scales
By Ross Reinhold, INTJ

The following is adapted from the work of David R. Saunders, Ph.D. who performed the initial psychometric research on trait correlates of the MBTI from "test" questions that Myers employed over several years in her endless quest to broaden the base of Type knowledge. Saunders research eventually resulted in the development of the "Type Differentiation Indicator" and the "Expanded Analysis Report." His work was later extended by others, re-constituted, and updated into what is now known as the Step II and Step III MBTI Instruments published by CPP, Inc.

This is by necessity an abbreviated introduction to acquaint the reader with some of the broader implications of the MBTI ® model.

Extraversion Introversion
Gregarious - drawn to large number and variety of relationships. Intimate - most comfortable in small groups and with one-on-one relationships.
Enthusiastic - being energetically with the "action" and at the center of things. Quiet - present themselves modestly, drawn to the calm away from the center of action.
Initiator - social facilitator, assertively outgoing, build bridges among people. Receptor - content to let others initiate social amenities - even to the point of being overlooked.
Expressive - easy to know, approachable, warm, readily show feelings. Contained - well controlled, calm exterior, often difficult for others to "read.".
Auditory - learn through listening, active dialogue, and involvement with others. Visual - learn through observation, reflection, reading, and more solitary means.

Sensing Intuition
Concrete - depend on verifiable, factual information and direct perceptions. literal, mistrust fuzzy information Abstract - comfortable with and inferring meaning from ambiguous and non-literal information. Perceptive.
Realistic - value being practical, cost-effective, and exercising common sense. Imaginative - enjoy being ingenious, clever and novel . . . for its own sake.
Pragmatic - highly values the usefulness or applications of an idea - more interesting than idea itself. Intellectual - learning, acquiring knowledge, mental challenges are valued as an end in itself.
Experiential - heavily grounded by first hand, past experience. Reluctant to generalize beyond direct experience. Theoretical - conceptual, automatically search for patterns in observed facts, comfortable with theories and inventing new ones. Resourceful.
Traditional - trust what is familiar, support established groups and methods, honor precedents. Original - values initiative and enterprising, inventive, and novel solutions. Often mistrusts conventional wisdom.

Thinking Feeling
Critical - comfortable making distinctions, categorizing, making win/lose choices, being in adversarial situations. Accepting - tolerant towards human failings, see positive side of others, instinctually seeks win/win resolutions of problems.
Tough Minded - results oriented, ends justify the means, stick on task. Firm Tender Hearted - use gentle persuasion to influence, reluctant to force compliance..
Questionning - intellectually independent, resistant to influence, self confident. Accomodating - seeks consensus, deferential, conflict avoiding, seeks harmony.
Logical - values and trusts detached, objective, and logical analysis. Affective - trusts emotions and feelings, values human considerations, in touch with feelings.
Reasonable - is clear-thinking, objective, reasoned, and logical in everyday decision-making. Compassionate - makes decisions on overall impressions, patterns, and feelings (including emotional likes and dislikes).

Judging Perceiving
Early Starter - focused. Structure activities to work on one thing at a time, allowing adequate time for proper completion. Pressure Prompted - prefers variety and multi-tasking. Most effectively energized when working close to deadlines.
Systematic - prefers orderly, structured and programmed responses. Likes formal contingency planning. Casual - comfortable making adjustments as situation requires. Prefers informal guidelines vs. structured rules. Adaptable.
Scheduled - creates and easily follows standardized and familiar routines. Spontaneous - dislikes repeatedly following the same routines. Seeks variety and change.
Planful - likes to schedule future commitments far in advance, uses dates and deadlines to organize their energies. Open-ended - strongly values preserving flexibility and freedom, dislikes being tied down by long range plans. Makes flexible plans.
Methodical - implements projects in a planned, organized, and step-by-step manner. Self programming. Emergent - ad hoc planner. Moves quickly into action without detailed plans, plans on the go. Risk taking.

From "Practical Applications of Personality Type & the MBTI Model"
By Ross Reinhold


- Learning More about the 16 MBTI ® Personality Types
- Learning More about What's My Type ?

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